Each year the association sponsors a three-day conference of political scientists in Chicago for the purpose of presenting and discussing the latest research in political science. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording.
The association is dedicated to the advancement of scholarly communication in all areas of political science. Finding Good Sources Many social science journals publish issues focused on a particular theme on a semi-regular basis; these issues of the journal will have multiple articles on related topics, often with contributions from the leading experts on those topics.
For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.
Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: Each year the association sponsors a three-day conference of political scientists in Chicago for the purpose of presenting and discussing the latest research in political science.
On the other hand, if you are dealing with multiple topics or streams of research, a thematic discussion is probably best.
What Should I Include? Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.
If you are reviewing the literature on a single topic, you will find that current knowledge is a culmination of past knowledge, and thus a chronological approach will tend to make the most sense.
For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. You may modify, reuse, and redistribute this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, version 3.
Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law. A literature review, on the other hand, is written in a more continuous style, with proper transitions between ideas and paragraphs.
Google has a separate index of scholarly sources, called Google Scholar, at http: This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to year-olds in the labor force, the current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada.
The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.
All errors and omissions, alas, remain my own. Was the sample size appropriate? Does it forge a new path? These are similar to theme issues of journals, but typically are larger and have more chapters. In political science, you may also find the Annual Review of Political Science to be a great help in locating good sources; the same publisher also produces annual reviews in anthropology, economics, law and social science, and sociology, that may be helpful for papers touching on those subjects.
A literature review should not be confused with an annotated bibliography. To date, only one Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center.
A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.
Card, David and Alan Kruger. From here you can view abstacts of conference and working papers online and download papers for local printing. While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.
Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested.
Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Within each theme, however, you will often find that using a chronological approach makes the most sense.
A literature review, on the other hand, is written in a more continuous style, with proper transitions between ideas and paragraphs.Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper.
Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself. A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.
A literature review can be a short introductory section of a research article, report or policy paper that focuses on recent research, or, in the case of dissertations, theses, and review articles, it can be an extensive review of all relevant research.
Understanding the Literature Review; Identifying Sources for the Literature Review; Finding Review and Research Articles; Putting it All Together. Today’s Agenda • What a literature review is and is not • Purposes of a literature review • Types of literature reviews in the social sciences.
What is a Literature Review? (and How Do I Write One?!) 1 Nicholas Shunda University of Connecticut • Purposes of a literature review • Types of literature reviews in the social sciences 2 • Starting a literature review • Organizing sources and notes before writing – An outline of tips on writing a literature review in.Download