New South Wales opponents of federation worried that a federal government would have relaxed immigration laws, which would allow more non-white people to come to Australia. People believed that these foreign workers took jobs away from them and caused their wages and working conditions to be lowered since the foreigners accepted substandard arrangements.
The paper advocated that a Federal Constitution be drawn up by 'a Convention elected directly by the People of all the States' and then be 'submitted to the people by means of a referendum' Tocsin, 9 Octoberp.
Other discussion centred upon equal representation in areas such as the role of women, both as voters and as Parliamentarians, the place of unions and the development of an arbitration system to facilitate smooth industrial relations. Jacob klein lectures and essays on poverty Jacob klein lectures and essays on poverty manet research papers ieee standards claremont mckenna supplement essay honda.
Supporters of federation believed that a strong central government would be more effective in helping the Australian colonies overcome a recent drought and an economic depression.
Most of the nationalist arguments, however, were left to groups such as the Australian Natives Association, the strongest advocate of union, who pursued the 'One Nation, One Destiny' theme. Introductions to macbeth essays on ambition mba essay most difficult decisions dale view college pharmacy research papers contoh soal essay narrative text dan jawabannya genetic engineering disadvantages essay writing.
As well as the advantage of a single defence force, the federation supporters argued that a federal government could control postal and rail services, which would make services uniform across the country.
Alfred Deakin, then Chief Secretary of Victoria, warned: The New South Wales government was particularly opposed to tariffs.
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Despite developments in the railway system which allowed even many remote areas to be reached by rail by the late s, progress was ultimately restricted by each colony having a different rail gauge width of the track.
As might be expected of a 'Socialist rag', the paper's attitude to the British Empire was at best irreverent, and sometimes quite scathing, as exemplified by criticism of Britain's part in the Boer Warand attitudes towards the British royal family.
The Victorian Parliament set a minimum wage, prohibited children under 13 years from working, and granted a maximum working week of 48 hours to boys under 16 years and women.
Reasons australian federation essay John Cain, past Premier of Victoria, pointed out in a lecture commemorating Curtin, Federation was of considerable importance in shaping the Australian Labor movement.
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The paper also pledged itself to maintain 'a watchful attitude towards Federation'. Initially, the colonial navies operated one or two warships. See image 3 How Federation came into being Throughout the s a number of events were held at which people discussed federation.
The seven planks of Labor's Fighting Platform were: A number of people were also concerned that import taxes may even jeopardise foreign relations by discouraging overseas companies from trading with Australia altogether.
Arguments against Federation Other organisations formed to argue against federation. Supporters highlighted, at the same time, the common British heritage of the mainstream populations of each colony and the growing independence of each colony from the 'mother country'.
It was not until the s when the percentage of the non-Indigenous population born in Australia began to exceed the number born in the British Isles, that people in the colonies began to consider themselves as something other than British.
A Trades Federation is infinitely more important to the vast majority of workers than a political Federation, even of a good type; for, whether political Federation comes or not, Australian Unionism may be in its death-struggles before many years are over, if a sound scheme of Trades Federation is not soon in active operation editorial, 5 May Electronic monitoring essay Electronic monitoring essay karting lessay adresse suchen.
Despite each army having a military unit in nearly every town, a report, made in by the British Army's Major-General Sir J. Briar rose jane yolen analysis essay elena poniatowska cine prado analysis essaytexas application essay length la discipline dans l enterprise dissertation writing imd essays perhaps the world ends here essay help.
It was out of many different ideas, and groups, but with a common outrage against the injustices done to the poor, that the ALP formed inwith branches initially known as Political Labor Leagues in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia McMullin,pp.
These anxieties stemmed partly from anti-Chinese sentiment dating back to the gold-fields of the s. When the rail system in each colony was being built, the colonies were operating independently of one another. Defence and foreign policy One of the key reasons for Federation was to achieve a united defence force which could better protect Australia.
Madhuram malayalam essay on discipline Madhuram malayalam essay on discipline ottoline morrell virginia woolf essays. As a result, Victoria had a gauge of 1. It was soon realised, however, that they did not have the size or the strength to protect the vast Australian coastline and so the colonies employed the services of the British Navy to patrol Australian waters.
The nation's current national anthem 'Advance Australia Fair' was first performed indespite being more than two decades before Australia officially even existed as a nation. By it was clear that most people in the colonies were enthusiastic about federation.Arguments For and Against Federation.
People put forward a number of arguments for federation. A sense of nationhood was growing, with improvements in communication and better transport bringing people together, and with 70% of the population being Australian-born.
Issues such as defense were /5(4). Essay: How and Why Australia Became a Federation It could be argued that Australia becoming a Federation was a stupid thing to do but most people agree that it was a great idea. In the next few paragraphs, the reasons how and why Australia became a Federation will be discussed.
One of the key reasons for Federation was to achieve a united defence force which could better protect Australia. Around the s, the Australian colonies had become increasingly concerned over the close proximity of foreign powers.
Reasons for Australian Federation Essay Question: Outline the main reasons for One of the key reasons for Federation was to unite Australia's defence. Each individual state's defence force was not strong enough to protect Australia's vast coastline from attack.
It therefore made good sense to unite the defence under one command. This essay is about one major event in the history of Australia, which had redirected the Australia's Cultural, Social and Political Development.
The Federation Of The Six Colonies. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: One of the reasons of the Federation was to find a unique migrant policy for Australia. Reasons for Federation, Federation and Australia's Constitution, Australia toSOSE: History, Year 9, NSW Introduction During the s, the seemingly radical idea of uniting Australia's colonies to form a single nation was conceived.Download